
ACF
Action contre la faim

Anthropometry
Anthropometry is the measurement of individuals. In humanitarian emergencies, anthropometry is used in field surveys to measure the height and weight of children to identify the proportion of the population that is suffering from acute malnutrition (wasting).

CEDAT
The Complex Emergency Database

Complex Emergency
All crises characterized by extreme vulnerability that display a combination of the following features:
1) The government is unwilling or incapable to effectively respond, resulting in a need for external assistance;
2) political oppression or armed conflict;
3) displacement;
4) increased mortality. 
CRED
Centre for Research on the Epidemiology of Disasters

Crude Mortality Rate (CMR)
Crude Mortality Rate
The Crude Mortality Rate (CMR) is the most important public health indicator to monitor in crisis situations. It estimates the rate at which members of a population have died over a defined period of time. A CMR is applicable to an entire population, including both sexes and all age groups.
In emergency situations, the most commonly used population denominator and time period for CMR is per 10,000 population per day (i.e. number of deaths/10,000/day). However, it can also be per 1,000 population per year, or per 1,000 population per month.
It is important to note that demographers refer to this mortality indicator as the Crude Death Rate (CDR).

CSV
A file format that stores tabular data. It separates unique values with commas and is common to all computer platforms.

EG
Expert Group

EMDAT
The EMDAT International Disaster Database. www.emdat.be

gazetteer
A geographic index

Georeference
To provide with global positioning system (GPS) coordinates

Global Acute Malnutrition (GAM)
The nutritional status of a population is one of the basic indicators, together with CMR, to assess the severity of a humanitarian crisis.
In an emergency situation, the weight and height of children between 6 and 59 months are measured and the results are used as a proxy indicator for the general health of the entire population. The index of weight for height, which reflects recent weight loss or gain, is the best indicator for acute malnutrition.
Global Acute Malnutrition (GAM) is calculated with the Zscore defined as a weightforheight index less than 2 standard deviations from the mean weight of a reference population of children of the same height and/or having oedema.
Global Acute Malnutrition as calculated with the Median (%M) is defined as all children falling under 80% of the median in the index of weightforheight median, and/or having Oedema, as compared to the median weight of children of the same height in the reference population.
Thresholds
Different GAM thresholds exist that can be used to categorize emergency situations. However, a GAM value of more than 10% generally identifies an emergency. Commonly used threholds for GAM are:
<5% = acceptable
5% to 9.9% = poor
10% to 14.9% = serious
>15% = critical 
Global Chronic Malnutrition (GCM)
Global Chronic Malnutrition (GCM) is calculated with the Zscore defined as a heightforage index less than 2 standard deviations from the mean height of a reference population of children of the same age.
Global Chronic Malnutrition as calculated with the Median (%M) is usually defined as all children falling under 90% of the median in the index of heightforage median as compared to the median height of children of the same age in the reference population.
Chronic malnutrition is also referred to as stunting.

Global Underweight
A weightforage measure for severe malnutrition.
Global Underweight is calculated with the Zscore defined as a weightforage index less than 2 standard deviations from the mean weight of a reference population of children of the same height and/or having oedema.
Global Underweight as calculated with the Median (%M) is defined as all children falling under 80% of the median in the index of weightforage median, and/or having Oedema, as compared to the median weight of children of the same height in the reference population.

GPS
Global Positioning System

HHI
Harvard Humanitarian Initiative

IDP
Internally Displaced Person

IMR
Infant Mortality Rate

IRC
International Rescue Committee

Keyhole Markup Language (KML)
KML is the language CEDAT uses to export all our georeferenced information. KML stands for Keyhole Markup Language (Keyhole was a company specialized in geospatial data visualization, later acquired by Google), and is a XML subset aimed at representing structured geographic information on the web.
KML is now controlled by the Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC), an international standards body.

MMR
Maternal Mortality Rate

Moderate Acute Malnutrition (MAM)
The nutritional status of a population is one of the basic indicators, together with CMR, to assess the severity of a humanitarian crisis.
In an emergency situation, the weight and height of children between 6 and 59 months are measured and the results are used as a proxy indicator for the general health of the entire population. The index of weight for height, which reflects recent weight loss or gain, is the best indicator for acute malnutrition.
Moderate Acute Malnutrition (MAM) is calculated with the Zscore is defined as a weightforheight index between 2 and 3 standard deviations from the mean weight of the reference distribution for children of the same height and/or having oedema.
Moderate Acute Malnutrition as calculated with the Median (%M) is defined as all children falling between 70% and 80% of the median in the index of weightforheight median, and/or having Oedema, as compared to the median weight of children of the same height in the reference population.

Moderate Chronic Malnutrition (MCM)
Moderate Chronic Malnutrition (MCM) is calculated with the Zscore defined as a heightforage index between 2 and 3 standard deviations from the mean weight of a reference population of children of the same height and/or having oedema.
Moderate Chronic Malnutrition as calculated with the Median (%M) is defined as all children falling between 70% and 80% of the median in the index of weightforheight median, and/or having Oedema, as compared to the median weight of children of the same height in the reference population.

Moderate Underweight
Moderate Underweight is calculated with the Zscore is defined as a weightforage index between 2 and 3 standard deviations from the mean weight of the reference distribution for children of the same height and/or having oedema.
Moderate Underweight as calculated with the Median (%M) is defined as all children falling between 70% and 80% of the median in the index of weightforage median, and/or having Oedema, as compared to the median weight of children of the same height in the reference population.

MUAC
MidUpper Arm Circumference

NCHS
National Centre for Health Statistics of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention of the US Department of Health and Human Services.

Oedema
Bilateral Oedema

RRS
Really Simple Syndication
RSS is an online open standard format for syndicating content, like newsfeeds.

Severe Acute Malnutrition (SAM)
The nutritional status of a population is one of the basic indicators, together with CMR, to assess the severity of a humanitarian crisis.
In an emergency situation, the weight and height of children between 6 and 59 months are measured and the results are used as a proxy indicator for the general health of the entire population. The index of weight for height, which reflects recent weight loss or gain, is the best indicator for acute malnutrition.
Severe Acute Malnutrition (SAM) is calculated with the Zscore defined as a weightforheight index less than 3 standard deviations from the mean weight of a reference population of children of the same height and/or having oedema.
Severe Acute Malnutrition as calculated with the Median (%M) is defined as all children falling under 70% of the median in the index of weightforheight median, and/or having Oedema, as compared to the median weight of children of the same height in the reference population.

Severe Chronic Malnutrition (SCM)
Severe Chronic Malnutrition (SCM) is calculated with the Zscore defined as a heightforage index less than 3 standard deviations from the mean weight of a reference population of children of the same height and/or having oedema.
Severe Chronic Malnutrition as calculated with the Median (%M) is defined as all children falling under 70% of the median in the index of weightforheight median, and/or having Oedema, as compared to the median weight of children of the same height in the reference population.

Severe Underweight
Severe Underweight is calculated with the Zscore defined as a weightforage index less than 3 standard deviations from the mean weight of a reference population of children of the same height and/or having oedema.
Severe Underweight as calculated with the Median (%M) is defined as all children falling under 70% of the median in the index of weightforheight median, and/or having Oedema, as compared to the median weight of children of the same height in the reference population.

SMART
SMART (Standardized Monitoring and Assessment of Relief and Transitions) is an interagency initiative launched in 2002 by a network of organizations and humanitarian practitioners including; donors, policymakers, and leading experts in emergency epidemiology and nutrition, food security, early warning systems, and demography.
The SMART methodology is a standardized fieldsurvey method to gather data on the two most vital public health indicators to assess the severity of a humanitarian crisis: the nutritional status of children underfive and the mortality rate of the population .

TAG
Technical Advisory Group

Under5 Mortality Rate (U5MR)
The Under5 Mortality Rate (U5MR) is a primary indicator to monitor the health status of children in complex emergencies. It estimates the rate at which children below the age of 5 have died over a defined period of time.
In emergency situations, the most commonly used population denominator and time period for U5MR is per 10,000 under5 population per day (i.e. number of deaths/10,000/day). However, it can also be per 1,000 under5 population per year, or per 1,000 under5 population per month.
It is important to note that demographers refer to the number of deaths in children Under5/10,000/day as the Under5 Death Rate (U5DR), while U5MR for them refers to the probability of dying bore the age of five, expressed per 1,000 live births.

WHO
World Health Organization